Australia’s First For Sale Plus Level Certification Passive House unveiled
While the wind blew a gale outside, builders, designers, politicians, and other local influentials celebrated a temperate evening inside Toowoomba’s very first certified Passive House – 16 Sorrento Dr, Kearneys Spring.
Mayor Paul Antonio was excited to have this futuristic style of building happening in his city. “This is the kind of development we want to encourage to better community and environment”
“This concept makes a lot of sense so I’ll be looking into how we could get more of these Passive House standards and methodologies across Queensland.“ commented Sam O’Connor MP, the Shadow Minister for Environment and the Great Barrier Reef, Shadow Minister for Science and Innovation.
Also excited about the house was Cr McMahon, who shares the environment portfolio in council. “This house is changing the game in design, heating and cooling in green, energy efficient ways. It’s a real asset to our region that can be heated by a hairdryer”
This Passive House certification is one of the most rigorous in the world. It scientifically measures how the house performs in the areas of energy, sustainability, healthiest living conditions, and temperature control.
Current owners and designers Scott and Madonna Stewart were thrilled with the turnout and how many people showed an excitement for these building principles. “After tonight’s preview, we are even more
excited to see what this property will mean for the future of building focused on sustainability, health and the environment.”
Some statistics on benefits of Passive House design are listed below.
– 80-90% reduction in energy costs
– Inside temperature stays between 20-25 degrees Celsius all year round
– Over 75% of airborne allergens are kept out of the air in the house
– 50% less ambient noise
This property is also the first in Australia certified at the Plus Level in Passive House Certification to go on the market.
Mr and Mrs Stewart (based in Northern New South Wales) were adamant in employing local suppliers wherever possible. They are very impressed with the high quality of work for this project, particularly the local builder Titanium Homes.
To see more information about the property see website https://labdesign.com.au/16-sorrento/
Scott Stewart is an Australian based Certified Passive House Designer who with wife Madonna are improving Australian housing quality using Passive House performance based design with the aim of increasing affordability of high performance homes. He has developed “Passive House Slab for reactive Soils” which was presented at the 2016 South Pacific Passive House Conference.
Can a Shipping Levy affect the growth of Passive House in Australia?
Shayne MacLachlan wrote an excellent piece Carbon emissions all at sea: why was shipping left out of the Paris Climate Agreement? Outlining the carbon emissions generated by the shipping industry, and possible solutions for encouraging technological advances (wind power, better fluid mechanics …) and behaviour change of the industry ($25/tonne carbon levy).
As a kite surfer myself I know the power a modern kite can generate, but as someone who uses shipping as a tool in Australia for also reducing emissions I thought it necessary to do some further research and consultation as to the possible unintended consequences of an industry behaviour changing carbon levy.
The issue of a carbon levy in Australia is incredibly divisive and if introduced needs to be explained through economic modelling and examples as well as environmental benefit.
It is incredibly important to consider all industries that are attempting to reducing the demand for electricity and thereby reducing emissions as we may end up pulling in opposite directions when we are trying to achieve the same outcome. A corresponding credit system could be introduced to offset a levy on sea freight movements for elements that are reducing carbon emissions. Examples for the supply and demand sides of the energy equation are explored below.
Supply – Solar Panels and Batteries
Since the 1970s and 1980s the majority of Australian houses have been designed and built less for climate and more for aesthetics (function following form). The advent of relatively in-expensive air-conditioning and cheap electricity has allowed the housing industry to move away from houses designed for climate to houses that control climate. The trend is changing with education and rising electricity prices, cheaper solar panels have enabled more people to participate in the lower carbon economy with the supply of cheaper solar energy. The majority of the manufactured solar panels are imported via sea freight and almost all the components for solar panels as well as new battery technologies are also imported.
According to the Clean Energy Council in 2014, small-scale solar was responsible for 15.3 per cent of Australia’s clean energy generation and produced 2.1 per cent of the country’s total electricity. The typical solar system of 2kW in Australia will prevent between 1.75 – 2.05 tonnes of carbon dioxide entering the environment depending on the mix of carbon generating energy is being offset.
According to EcoTransIT a pallet of solar panels, which would typically be enough for three houses generate 690 kg or 0.69 tonnes of CO2e for transit via Road-Ship-Road from China to Australia , which at $25/tonne = $17.25.
Therefore a credit of $26.5 could be realised when a credit of $43.75 (1.75 x $25) is introduced.
The demand for energy is also being addressed with the introduction of Passivhaus to Australia. Passive House (Passivhaus) was developed by Wolfgang Feist and Bo Adamson with the first Passivhaus residence build in Darmstadt, Germany in 1990. Passive House, according to the Passive House Institut is a building standard that is truly energy efficient, comfortable, affordable and ecological at the same time, more simply Passive House can be explained in 90 seconds
The Passive House movement in Australia is growing but still at a fragile and embryonic stage. Overseas experience has shown that for housing the cost increase for Passivhaus is generally 3-5% of build cost. LAB Design has shown if the build cost premium was 10%, for a $300K build in Toowoomba, Queensland at 8% interest rates a passive house is approximately $1000 per year more cost effective when considering both running costs and interest payments.
The major challenge for Passive House in Australia (and other nations dis-located from the Passive House component manufacturing hubs) is and the cost and availability of two key components for a Passive House;
High performance windows (typically double glazed in Australia)
Mechanical Heat Recovery Ventilation (MVHR)
In the short term importation of high performance components is viable for cost to produce the performance outcome and to provide industry behaviour change incentive by increasing volumes and reducing cost of high performance windows and MVHR.
According to EcoTransIT the windows for the Toowoomba Project generate 870kg or 0.87 tonnes of CO2e for transit via Road-Ship-Road from Europe to Australia , which at $25/tonne = $21.75
However, the PHPP (Passive House Planning Package) calculation of two variants of the Toowoomba project, one to Passive House Standard the other to existing Australian Standards, realises a reduction of over 4.5 tonnes of CO2e per annum.
An architect working at the forefront of Passivhaus design in the UK, Elrond Burrell and I discussed the issue and he provided some insight from his experience in the UK where the Passive House industry is far more developed than in Australia;
In markets where Passivhaus is still relatively new, most of these components need to be imported. Over time, as demand increases, the market matures and local manufacturers can start to meet the demand for components of the highest energy efficiency performance.
The issue of a levy on carbon emissions is divisive especially in Australia, whilst a $21.75 cost is quite small and may be offset with a $112.5 credit the mere mention of a levy without thorough modelling and education will be met with resistance and provide the perception that it is yet another cost and hence a barrier to Passive House. Considering the ongoing emissions reductions of a Passive House we can’t afford to lose momentum.
Scott Stewart, Certified Passive House Designer, Australia
Scott Stewart is an Australian based Certified Passive House Designer who with wife Madonna are improving Australian housing quality using Passive House performance based design with the aim of increasing affordability of high performance homes. He has developed a Passive House Slab for reactive Soils which was presented at the 2016 South Pacific Passive House Conference.
Scott presented at the virtual SPPHC on the 16th of October. The presentation showcased the LAB Design Certified Passive House Construction System (official certification pending – advised it will be in October) which was developed to produce the most cost-effective method to build Passive Houses in particular climates. It is based on the Australian Standard Timber Framing Code (AS1684) in order to de-mystify Passive House and apply existing building techniques to expedite the increase of Passive House in Australia. Once officially certified, the details will be available on a subscription basis via this website.